By applying survey questionnaire in four profit-oriented companies from northern Utah, Miller et al. focused on employees’ readiness for change by examining three workplace factors-management/leader relationships, job knowledge and skills, and job demands and found a significant influence on employees’ readiness for change. Rafferty and Simons focused on the factors that make readiness for two types of change like corporate transformation and fine-tuning. A recent research study conducted by Holt et al. received 464 questionnaire surveys from full-time employees in public and private companies in northern Utah. Researchers found that readiness for change is influenced by employees’ beliefs of self-efficacy, appropriateness, management support, and personal valence.

The above literature reveals that employee and management have always needed to know the attitudes and behaviours regarding organisational change. Employee can develop their positive attitudes and behaviours towards the organisation on the basis of work place factors. These aspects of employee connected with the nature and quality of relationships between employees and an organisation (Oliver, 1990). This approach quite shows the individual’s attachment in order to beliefs, willingness, and desires to maintain membership of the organisation. In literature, workplace factors has largely been revealed in the form of active and passive job, change efficacy, flexible policies and procedures, job knowledge and skills, management leadership relationships, social relationships at the workplace (Hanpachern,1998; Eby et al., 2000; Cunningham et al. 2002; Madsen et al., 2005; Miller et al., 2006; Rafferty and Simons, 2006).

To develop individual’s positive attitudes and behaviours workplace variables can affect employee attachment to the organisation. In the organisational behaviour domain, the term supervisor and peer relation has been adopted to understand employee attitudes and behaviours regarding his/her work organisation or work. This factor was related to understanding the employees’ feelings and thoughts (Gaertner and Nollen, 1989; Chang, 1999).

Representative APR 391%

Let's say you want to borrow $100 for two week. Lender can charge you $15 for borrowing $100 for two weeks. You will need to return $115 to the lender at the end of 2 weeks. The cost of the $100 loan is a $15 finance charge and an annual percentage rate of 391 percent. If you decide to roll over the loan for another two weeks, lender can charge you another $15. If you roll-over the loan three times, the finance charge would climb to $60 to borrow the $100.

Implications of Non-payment: Some lenders in our network may automatically roll over your existing loan for another two weeks if you don't pay back the loan on time. Fees for renewing the loan range from lender to lender. Most of the time these fees equal the fees you paid to get the initial payday loan. We ask lenders in our network to follow legal and ethical collection practices set by industry associations and government agencies. Non-payment of a payday loan might negatively effect your credit history.

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