VIDEO SHOT BOUNDARY DETECTION(1)

BOUNDARY DETECTION(1)

Shot-boundary detection is the first step towards scene extraction in videos, which is useful for video content analysis and indexing. Shots are basic units of a video. There are many types of transitions between shots. Shot boundaries can be classified into two main categories: cut and gradual. A cut is an abrupt shot change that occurs over a single frame while a gradual is a slow change that occurs in a number of consecutive frames. With the gradual type, fades and dissolves are common. A fade is usually a change in brightness with one or several solid black frames in between, while a dissolve occurs when the images in the current shot get dimmer and the images of the next shot get brighter.

They are required for further video analysis such as:

• Person tracking, identification.
• high-level feature detection.

They provide cue about high-level semantics:

• In video production each transition type is choose carefully to support the content and context.
• For example dissolves occur much more often in feature films and documentaries, while wipe usually occur in news, sports and shows.

Representative APR 391%

Let's say you want to borrow $100 for two week. Lender can charge you $15 for borrowing $100 for two weeks. You will need to return $115 to the lender at the end of 2 weeks. The cost of the $100 loan is a $15 finance charge and an annual percentage rate of 391 percent. If you decide to roll over the loan for another two weeks, lender can charge you another $15. If you roll-over the loan three times, the finance charge would climb to $60 to borrow the $100.

Implications of Non-payment: Some lenders in our network may automatically roll over your existing loan for another two weeks if you don't pay back the loan on time. Fees for renewing the loan range from lender to lender. Most of the time these fees equal the fees you paid to get the initial payday loan. We ask lenders in our network to follow legal and ethical collection practices set by industry associations and government agencies. Non-payment of a payday loan might negatively effect your credit history.

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