PREPARATION OF BIODIESEL FROM KARANJA OIL(part 3)

During the 1920s, diesel engine manufacturers altered the engines to utilize the lower viscosity of the fossil fuel (petro-diesel) rather than vegetable oil, a biomass fuel. The petroleum industries were able to make inroads in fuel markets because their fuel was much cheaper to produce than the biomass alternatives. The result was, for many years, a nearer elimination of the biomass fuel production infrastructure. Only recently have environmental impact concerns and a decreasing cost differential made biomass fuels such as biodiesel a growing alternative.

In the 1900s, France launched the local production of biodiesel fuel (known locally as diester) obtained by the TRANSESTERIFICATION of rapeseed oil. It is mixed to proportion of 5% into regular diesel fuel, and to the proportion of 30% into the diesel fuel used by some captive fleets (public transportation). Renault, Peugeot and other manufacturers have certified truck engines for use with up to this partial bio-diesel. Experiments with 50% bio-diesel are underway.

From 1978 to 1996, the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory experimented with using algae as a bio-fuel source in the “Aquatic Species Program”.

Representative APR 391%

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