A Mobile ad hoc Network (MANET) is composed of a group of mobile wireless nodes that form a network independently of any centralized administration, while forwarding packets to each other in a multi-hop fashion. Since those mobile devices are battery operated and extending the battery lifetime has become an important objective, researcher and practitioners have recently started to consider power-aware design of network protocols for the Ad hoc networking environment. As each mobile node in aMANET performs the routing function for establishing communication among different nodes the “death” of even a fewof the nodes due to energy exhaustion might cause disruption ofservice in the entire network.

In a conventional routing algorithm, which is unaware ofenergy budget, connections between two nodes are established between nodes through the shortest path routes. This algorithmmay however result in a quick depletion of the battery energy ofthe nodes along the most heavily used routes in the network. Themain focus of this paper is to design a power-aware routing protocol that balances the traffic load inside the network so as toincrease the battery lifetime of the nodes and hence the overalluseful life of the ad hoc network.

Representative APR 391%

Let's say you want to borrow $100 for two week. Lender can charge you $15 for borrowing $100 for two weeks. You will need to return $115 to the lender at the end of 2 weeks. The cost of the $100 loan is a $15 finance charge and an annual percentage rate of 391 percent. If you decide to roll over the loan for another two weeks, lender can charge you another $15. If you roll-over the loan three times, the finance charge would climb to $60 to borrow the $100.

Implications of Non-payment: Some lenders in our network may automatically roll over your existing loan for another two weeks if you don't pay back the loan on time. Fees for renewing the loan range from lender to lender. Most of the time these fees equal the fees you paid to get the initial payday loan. We ask lenders in our network to follow legal and ethical collection practices set by industry associations and government agencies. Non-payment of a payday loan might negatively effect your credit history.

Calculate APR